A study in efficiency evaluation of bike-sharing stations (BSS) in Malmö, Sweden offers insight into where bike-sharing takes place and how planners can place stations more strategically. The study was conducted by using spatial analysis and data on BSS usage trends regarding transport, land use and socioeconomic context to highlight associations between the station’s relative efficiency and the urban context. Research in efficiency is useful for transport planners and can reduce costs and increase usage of BSS.
The stations that received the highest efficiency score are characterized by availability of separated cycling lanes, and proximity to green areas and activity buildings. Good access to public transport may also contribute to making BSS efficient. Another factor that contributes to high efficiency score is high population density. In such areas it is easy to travel to commercial centers, bicycle infrastructure is good and bus stops are nearby. The least efficient stations are located in areas outside the city center with low population density and with poor bicycle infrastructure.